What does CCMA deal with?

A letter from the Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration (CCMA) is the last thing any business owner wants to get. But what exactly is the CCMA, how does it operate and how can you avoid ever having to see the inside of their building?

Aimed at promoting fair practices in the work environment, the Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration (CCMA) is an independent authority (meaning it has no links to a particular political party, business or trade union) that resolves labour disputes, and provides advice and training on labour relations.

The CCMA has offices all over the country and it’s main goal is to protect the rights of all parties involved in a labour dispute, so every person gets a “fair shake”.

Specific Functions Of The CCMA

When it comes to the objective resolution of an employee/employer dispute, the CCMA is mandated to:

  • Try to resolve disputes through conciliation (finding a compromise between the two parties) or arbitration (acting as the objective third party to resolve the dispute)
  • Help in forming workplace forums
  • Publish information on its activities and guidelines for dispute resolutions
  • Advise on getting legal advice
  • Determine dispute resolution fees, if applicable
  • Make rules to regulate it’s own procedures, processes, documentation, calculate costs and then publish these rules in the Government Gazette

Advice and training

Despite the perception that any dealings you have with CCMA is about paying out a huge amount of money to a disgruntled employee, the body also provides advice and training to employer and employee stakeholders on:

  • Forming collective bargaining bodies
  • Forming and managing workplace forums
  • Preventing and resolving disputes and grievances
  • Disciplinary procedures
  • Workplace restructuring
  • Affirmative action and equal opportunity programmes
  • Preventing sexual harassment

It may be a good idea to take advantage of these training programmes to avoid being on the wrong side of a labour dispute.

How Does The CCMA Resolve Disputes?

  1. Once a dispute has been raised with the commission, a commissioner is appointed to the case must try to resolve the dispute within 30 days
  2. The commissioner puts together a conciliation strategy that must include mediating, gathering information and then recommending a solution
  3. Within 30 days or as per the agreed upon completion term, the commissioner will need to provide a certificate detailing the outcome of the dispute

The commission is obligated to protect the rights of employees and employers, so if you are treating your employees fairly, according to the labour law, you have nothing to be worried about.

To find out more about the CCMA and it’s processes, email them at ho@ccma.org.za.


Overview of Public Universities in South Africa

Here's an overview of some public universities in South Africa, including general admissions requirements and estimated application periods. Keep in mind, specific program requirements and dates can vary significantly, so it's important to check each university's official website for the most current information.

University of Pretoria

  • Admissions Requirements: National Senior Certificate with minimum scores in specific subjects related to the chosen program; for international students, equivalent qualifications.
  • Application Period: Usually opens in March and closes at the end of July for most programs.

University of Cape Town

  • Admissions Requirements: National Senior Certificate with pass levels required for degree study; subject-specific requirements depending on the program.
  • Application Period: Application opens in April and closes at the end of July.

Stellenbosch University

  • Admissions Requirements: National Senior Certificate with required marks; some programs have additional testing.
  • Application Period: Opens in March and typically closes at the end of June.

University of the Witwatersrand

  • Admissions Requirements: Matriculation certificate with university exemption; required scores vary by faculty.
  • Application Period: Begins in March and ends on the 30th of September.

University of Johannesburg

  • Admissions Requirements: Matric exemption with a minimum APS score; specific subject requirements based on the faculty.
  • Application Period: Opens in April and generally closes by the 30th of September.

University of the Free State

  • Admissions Requirements: National Senior Certificate with specific marks for the program applied to; additional requirements for certain courses.
  • Application Period: Typically opens in April and closes at the end of August.

University of Venda

  • Admissions Requirements: Completion of the National Senior Certificate with an endorsement for diploma or degree studies; specific APS scores needed.
  • Application Period: Usually from May to September.

University of Fort Hare

  • Admissions Requirements: National Senior Certificate with university exemption; certain programs may have specific requirements.
  • Application Period: Opens around May and closes at the end of September.

University of the Western Cape

  • Admissions Requirements: National Senior Certificate with specific performance levels; additional requirements for certain programs.
  • Application Period: Generally from May to September.

North-West University

  • Admissions Requirements: National Senior Certificate with university exemption; program-specific requirements may apply.
  • Application Period: Opens in March and usually closes by the end of August.

Rhodes University

  • Admissions Requirements: National Senior Certificate or equivalent; minimum academic performance in certain subjects.
  • Application Period: Applications open in April and close at the end of September.

Nelson Mandela University

  • Admissions Requirements: National Senior Certificate with required scores for chosen programs; portfolio or additional tests for some faculties.
  • Application Period: Opens in April, with a deadline at the end of August for most programs.

Cape Peninsula University of Technology

  • Admissions Requirements: National Senior Certificate with specific scores; additional requirements for certain courses.
  • Application Period: Opens in May and typically closes by the end of September.

University of Limpopo

  • Admissions Requirements: Senior Certificate with endorsement for diploma or degree courses; specific APS scores for different programs.
  • Application Period: From April to September.

University of Zululand

  • Admissions Requirements: National Senior Certificate with an endorsement for bachelor’s degree studies; specific score requirements for various programs.
  • Application Period: Usually between April and November.

Central University of Technology

  • Admissions Requirements: National Senior Certificate with specific scores for the chosen field of study; additional criteria for certain programs.
  • Application Period: Application period generally starts in May and ends in October.

Vaal University of Technology

  • Admissions Requirements: National Senior Certificate with a pass that qualifies for admission to bachelor’s degree, diploma, or higher certificate programs.
  • Application Period: Typically from May to September.

Walter Sisulu University

  • Admissions Requirements: National Senior Certificate with required scores for chosen programs; additional criteria for certain faculties.
  • Application Period: From April to September.

This list provides a starting point for understanding the admissions landscape across South Africa's diverse higher education institutions. Given the variability in programs and requirements, it's crucial to consult each university's website for the most accurate and up-to-date information.